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CBD History 2018-10-20T14:30:10+00:00

A SHORT HISTORY OF CANNABIDIOL…

Hemp (cannabis sativa) has been used medicinally for more than 3,000 years due to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-convulsant, anti-spasmodic and other therapeutic effects. Many scholars believe that the gall and vinegar, or myrrhed wine, which was offered to Jesus immediately after the crucifixion was, in all probability, a preparation of hemp.

A SHORT HISTORY OF CBD

THE INTRODUCTION OF CBD

In England, Queen Victoria used hemp extracts for relief of menstrual cramps and easing anxiety. Her reign from 1837 to 1901 paralleled the explosive growth of hemp based medicines. From 1842 to 1900, cannabis made up at least half of all medicines sold.

Cannabis was first introduced for therapeutic use in the west in 1839 by surgeon W.B. O’Shaughnessy, who learned of its remarkable properties while working in India. From 1850 to 1937, the U.S. Pharmacopeia listed cannabis as the primary medicine to treat more than 100 separate ailments, illnesses or diseases. In 1942, cannabis was removed from the U.S. pharmacopoeia because its effects were considered “potentially harmful”. Historians believed it was removed because of new drugs being synthesized by pharmaceutical companies and they did not want to compete with cannabis medicine. In 1951, cannabis was added to the list of narcotic drugs when Congress passed the Boggs Act. In 1970, it was classified as a Schedule I Drug, putting it in the same category as LSD and heroin.

A SHORT HISTORY OF CBD

OUTLAWING CANNABIS

Americans, and people in other countries whose governments chose to follow America’s lead, have been denied the healing effects of cannabis since Harry Anslinger, head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics from 1931 to 1962, pushed through legislation that had been secretly crafted for 2 years. The result was the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act that made hemp & marijuana illegal for any use.

Dupont was against hemp for a similar reason. Although more expensive to manufacture, hemp fiber was far superior to the new nylon fiber Dupont was producing. However this same invention would also make hemp fiber less costly to produce; therefore, lowering the value of nylon fiber. Both men could potentially incur enormous financial losses due to this new invention, but what if they could stop this threat by outlawing Hemp? Anslinger and others utilized tabloid sensationalism (via Hearst’s newspapers) to convince members of congress and the public of the dangers of hemp using the relatively new word marijuana (Spanish/Mexican slang for cannabis).

A SHORT HISTORY OF CBD

CBD RESEARCH SILENCED

The American Medical Association (AMA) and the pharmaceutical industry testified against the Marijuana Tax Act because cannabis was known to have so many medical uses with no observed side effects. Dr. William Woodward who was both a physician and an attorney for the AMA, testified on behalf of the association. He said; in effect, that this law passed in ignorance, could possibly deny the world a wonderful medicine, especially when the medical world was just beginning to discover which ingredients in cannabis were active. Dr. Woodward told the committee that the only reason the AMA had not come out sooner against this legislation was that they had not been made aware that the “killer weed” in question was one and the same as the cannabis used by the medical community with perfect safety to treat scores of illnesses for over 100 years.

Sadly, Dr. Woodward and the AMA were quickly denounced by Anslinger, as well as the entire congressional committee, and curtly excused. Congress then made cannabis – both hemp and marijuana – 100% illegal and banned medical studies.

Americans had officially been cheated out of the amazing therapeutic benefits of cannabis. Since the passage of this legislation no legal medical cannabis studies have been done in the U.S. for over 40 years due to America’s demonization of cannabis.

A SHORT HISTORY OF CBD

MEDICINAL CBD IS BORN

In 1964, Professor Raphael Mechoulam and his colleague, Yechiel Gaoni, at the Weizman Institute of Science in Israel, isolated, analyzed and synthesized the main psychoactive ingredient in the cannabis plant, a compound known today as tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Ruth Gallily, a professor emerita of immunology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, studied another main constituent of cannabis, a compound known as cannabadiol, or CBD. CBD is non-psychoactive and considered a powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety agent.

Professor Mechoulam stated in an interview that he has been urging producers over the years to grow cannabis with less THC and more CBD. Taking Professor Mechoulam’s advice, a government approved medical marijuana farm began working on a high CBD and low to zero THC strain of cannabis. After years of careful breeding, they developed a strain rich in CBD but with little THC. This breakthrough has allowed tens of thousands of Israelis to enjoy the health benefits of CBD without the high of THC.

A SHORT HISTORY OF CBD

AMERICA COMES AROUND

Incredibly, in 2003, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (an arm of the U.S. government) filed for a U.S. patent on CBD (#6630507) to gain control of this natural compound. The patent covers CBD for the treatment of various neurodegenerative and inflammatory disorders. Fortunately, a February 6, 2004, Federal Court Ruling (Nos. 03-71366, 03-71693), stated that every US citizen can legally use CBD extracted from industrial hemp.

The American medical community had come to believe (or been “brain washed”) in the years following the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act that cannabis had “no use as a medicine” only to have the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services file for a patent for its medical uses.

Only now have we come full circle on cannabis, realizing what our ancestors have known for hundreds, if not thousands of years.

A SHORT HISTORY OF CBD

BACK IN THE SPOTLIGHT

CBD is easily the most exciting compound to be brought to mainstream attention in the last 100 years. Non-psychoactive CBD, a naturally occuring compound found in hemp, should not be illegal or off limits to people (or animals) but instead should be embraced and used for its many health benefits, the least of which is helping the endocannabinoid system, a system that exists in every mammal, maintain homeostasis (balance within the body).

Dr. Sanjay Gupta, a CNN researcher and reporter, completely changed his stance on medical marijuana, cannabis and hemp (prior to his research, he thought people “needed” medical marijuana to justify getting “high”). Dr. Gupta featured CBD miracle stories in his special documentary series called “Weed” that first aired in 2013. The world was astonished by the people he profiled and the positive effects that CBD has proven to have on human health.

CBD is undeniably the greatest ingredient yet discovered for human and animal health.

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